Kodiak At A Glance: KodiakIsland.net Internet Directory
Kodiak Island, the jewel of Alaska, is an emerald isle off the southwestern coast of Alaska's mainland. Founded in 1792, Kodiak is Alaska's oldest and most historic, European community. The influences of 8,000 year-old Koniag and Aleut Native cultures, early Russian explorers, fur traders and the thriving commercial fishing industry are woven throughout Kodiak's character.
The Kodiak Island Borough's 15,575 people are concentrated mostly around Kodiak city while others live in one of the six villages surrounding the edges of the island. Kodiak is a modern city with a rich history. It sits in the middle of the world's most productive fishing grounds, making it one of Alaska's largest fishing ports. The central location also provides home to the largest Coast Guard station in the United States. Kodiak is a service base for fishing vessels in the Gulf of Alaska and the Bering Sea.
The Kodiak Island Archipelago is about 177 miles long and encompasses nearly 5,000 square miles. At 3,588 square miles, Kodiak Island is the largest in the group. Ten thousand years ago, most of the islands were covered by glaciers that scored and carved the landscape. Jagged mountain peaks, fjord-like bays and wide u-shaped valleys were left by the glacial retreat. Nature's handiwork created a place of spectacular scenic beauty and a wilderness ideally suited for land, sea and marine life. Two-thirds of the island consists of the Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge.
Close to 3,500 giant Kodiak brown bears make their home here, along with Sitka blacktail deer, fox, mountain goats, reindeer, Roosevelt elk, Steller sea lions, numerous whale species, salmon, crab and halibut. Sea and river otters grace the waterways with their playful antics. Eagles, puffins, cormorants, gulls and ducks are but a few of the feathered inhabitants of Kodiak.
Blessed with a temperate marine climate, Kodiak Island offers year round visitors year-round events and activities such as hiking and boating, fishing and hunting, scuba diving, flying, beachcombing, bird watching, sightseeing and photography.